The 'House of Cards' Format and What Other Black Stories Could Be Told...
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Film , Television , Web Series

The 'House of Cards' Format and What Other Black Stories Could Be Told...

HOUSE OF CARDS | NETFLIX
HOUSE OF CARDS | NETFLIX

“House of Cards,” as most know by now, was, at first, Netflix’s ambitious $100+ million, two season gamble, jumping into scripted programming that has now become a five season staple. Although in terms of budgeting, what was seen as a gamble initially, really wasn’t as risky as many thought, if they broke it down.

At an average of $3.8 million per episode, that put “Cards” in line with HBO’s “Game of Thrones.” It’s also notable the episode lengths range from 48 to 52 minutes. A length that is comparable to AMC’s “Mad Men.” Also “Cards” has found second and third lives offline. Increasingly known as the place to binge on a range of TV from the last 50 years, it would further cement Netflix’s place in the TV food chain.

The gamble was (and for some still is) in releasing all 13 episodes in one shot. No building up of buzz from one episode to the next. No water cooler speculation of who shot who and why. No avoiding of spoilers by anyone that burned through season one.

Business and audience strategy aside, “House of Cards” is ambitious storytelling. David Fincher, Kevin Spacey and Netflix CEO Reed Hastings have crafted a show that’s not just cynically designed to be binge watched to rack up subscribers and collect audience data, they’ve truly put the focus on telling a story that can’t be resolved in 90 minutes.

Hastings said as much in a quote that was referred to in a “House of Cards” write-up in Ad Age in 2013: “Imagine if books were always released one chapter per week, and were only briefly available to read at 8 p.m. on Thursday,” Netflix CEO Reed Hastings said in a letter to shareholders last week. “And then someone flipped a switch, suddenly allowing people to enjoy an entire book, all at their own pace. That is the change we are bringing about. That is the future of television.”

Broken down as chapters instead of episodes, the producers followed the path that made HBO, Showtime and AMC critical darlings.

A consistent, legitimate complaint against network television has been that the constraints on ad supported, ratings dependent dramatic storytelling, is that characters disappear and/or are underserved constantly. Dangling plotlines and contradictory arcs can turn off viewers, turning fans into casual watchers. It only takes one or two episodes with a few major missteps to tune out and move on to another show. Leveraging the strengths of the format, “House of Cards” echoes a comfort with multiple characters and plotlines its peers “Mad Men,” “Breaking Bad,” and “Game of Thrones” have. Characters can remain at the periphery and still be relevant because the creators have time and the space to move them in and out of the story.

Even more important though, it gives the story room to explore broad themes including Money vs. Power, Corporate Influence and Class, with depth and specificity (how many other shows could brilliantly use an Education Bill as a plot device as “Cards” did?).

The series’ Machiavellian Francis Underwood, played by Kevin Spacey, says early on, “Money is the McMansion in Sarasota that falls apart after 10 years. Power is the old stone building that stands for centuries. I cannot respect someone who doesn’t see the difference.” This encapsulates the moral complexities and shades the ethical questions at the heart of American politics.

The influence of money on politics has been a primary concern going back centuries. It has been one of the dominant threads of the last 19 years after McCain-Feingold and the emergence of Super PACS.

At critical junctures, “House of Cards” reinforces often that it’s not the money that matters, it’s what is behind the money that counts. The ability to move chess pieces around and play the long game is the key to power, which becomes a major turning point in the series, putting Underwood’s plans in jeopardy.

As a real world example, the current administration aside, once the ballots were counted, the electoral college apportioned, the 2012 USA election itself quickly moved away from the question of money as a direct influence.

It instead moved to a story about how Obama’s machine was much more in tune with the trajectory of the country and electorate, and how out of touch the GOP had become. So blind to their own biases, the GOP didn’t dare to deny the inherent truth of their own numbers.

It very much read like Obama and his team had a better understanding of the world they lived in, than the Democrats who were trounced by the GOP in 1994 and floundered in the following years to respond.

Having watched all of “House of Cards,” I ponder less who as a black writer/producer could pull off such a story, than ask what kind of stories would lend themselves to the same treatment. What stories can be told that both entertain and lend themselves to creating a dialogue.

A focus on Black stories has traditionally been more on filling in the gaps of history and representation than using those stories to raise questions and explore the complexity of Black life and life in general.

Imagine a similar take set in current day Liberia or South Africa. Imagine a Shakespearean Richard III take on the career of a Clarence Thomas like figure. It would likely be expensive and a hard sell, but a story using W.E.B. Dubois’ split from the NAACP in the 1930s over a nationalistic vs. integrationist approach, could be a great lens to delve into present issues with fresh eyes.

Even more ripe to be plucked, I would say, are the 1970s and 1980s. The emergence of Black politicians was a harbinger of great things to come with the passage of historic Civil Rights legislation.

By the 1990s, the results were decidedly mixed, with Black politicos and leaders firmly entrenched in their positions of power and influence, some would be hailed as visionary, others as being no better than those they replaced. From navigating a weak economy in the 1970s, to the election of Reagan, to the crack epidemic, to the rise of a post Civil Rights black middle class, to the failure of some to hand over reigns to–let alone train–a newer generation, the ground is indeed fertile for storytellers to dig in.

Shadow and Act is a website dedicated to cinema, television and web content of Africa and its global Diaspora. With daily news, interviews, in-depth investigations into the audiovisual industry, and more, Shadow and Act promotes content created by and about people of African descent throughout the world.

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